George Floyd happened. Community outcry. Boom, they go forward and start dealing with George Floyd. We just all hope for somebody to know our loved ones’ names, also.
Dimock said she was emotionally prepared when she learned there would be no criminal charges for the officers involved in her son’s death. She knew a civil lawsuit had little chance of success because of qualified immunity.
Still, she expressed frustration that Hennepin County Attorney Mike Freeman took immediate action in Floyd’s case but took almost a year to announce the officers involved in her son’s death would not be charged.
“George Floyd happened. Community outcry. Boom, they go forward and start dealing with George Floyd,” she said. “We just all hope for somebody to know our loved ones’ names, also.”
Prosecutors may be hesitant to prosecute police, consciously or subconsciously, because they work closely with them, according to Kate Levine, a professor of law at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in New York who studies police prosecution.
“Prosecutors will do a lot of investigation and take a lot of care before they even decide to charge a police officer. It could take a year,” she said. “If you have a civilian, they’ll charge them as fast as they can and they’ll figure it out later.”
Dimock joins Families Supporting Families Against Police Violence meetings via Zoom from her home in Baxter, where her son’s ashes sit on a table near the kitchen, surrounded by photos, trinkets and succulents he started growing before he died. His stepfather takes care of them now.
She’s been comforted by connecting with others affected by police violence. “You just can’t quite understand the deep pain that we’ve experienced,” Dimock said.
Cullars-Doty, whose nephew was killed, said one of the biggest hurdle families face is the power of the police narrative.
Golden died in 2015 when police responded to a 911 call that claimed he was parked outside his ex-girlfriend’s apartment and sending threatening text messages.
Police claim Golden drove at officers at high speed as they approached him. Investigators said Golden’s car hit an officer’s gun and he fired two rounds, Minnesota Public Radio reported at the time, citing documents released by the department.
Golden’s family contends the officer slipped on ice and accidentally discharged his gun.
The other officer on scene said he thought the gunfire was coming from Golden’s car and fired shots at the driver’s window. After the SUV crashed, officers pulled Golden from the driver’s seat and handcuffed him. He had gunshot wound to his head.
Unlike Floyd’s case, officers estimated the entire incident lasted less than a minute. Police officers were the only witnesses. There was no surveillance, dash cam or bystander video, Minnesota Public Radio reported.
“It’s an uphill battle without a video,” Cullars-Doty said.
Many experts agree officers should not shoot at moving vehicles, and police departments around the country prohibit cops from doing so in certain situations. The New York City Police Department, for example, adopted a policy nearly 50 years ago prohibiting officers from doing so, unless the person driving was using or threatening deadly force, according to the Police Executive Research Forum.
But in May 2015, a Washington County grand jury concluded that the shooting of Golden was justified and declined to indict officers Jeremy Doverspike and Dan Peck.
Levine, the law professor, said grand juries often don’t indict police officers because cops are typically able to argue that the killing was justified.
If there is an indictment, police officers are afforded a presumption of credibility when they testify in court, Levine said. “Civilians are rarely believed if they are testifying opposite a police officer,” she said.
Cullars-Doty and her family continued to pursue justice, but she said police made it difficult to find out what happened. Four years after Golden’s death, for example, she said the department tried to put his vehicle up for auction and charge the family fees for storage at the impound lot.
“That’s evidence, you’re getting rid of evidence,” she said.
The family called a press conference. That’s when police told them the fees would be waived and the vehicle would not be sold. St. Paul police spokesman Steve Linders told the Pioneer Press at the time that police had been trying to reach the family to determine how to proceed and the press conference “made it clear they want the vehicle back.”
The family sued the city of St. Paul and the officers involved earlier this year, just before the statute of limitations was set to expire. They allege officers Doverspike and Peck used excessive force in violation of Golden’s constitutional rights.
Cullars-Doty, who is a co-founder of Black Lives Matter Minnesota, said she’s pushing forward with her lawsuit not for money but to “clear” Golden’s name and hold police accountable.
“There has to be change,” she said.
Like Floyd, Brian Quinones’ death was captured on video from beginning to end. Police squad car cameras and Facebook Live video documented his final moments on Sept. 7, 2019.
Police say Quinones, 30, violated “multiple traffic laws” causing an officer to stop his vehicle “thinking that Quinones may be drunk” shortly after 10 p.m. One officer exited his squad car with his gun drawn and “Quinones quickly came up behind him, aggressively pointing a knife in his direction,” according to the Hennepin County Attorney.
Officers told Quinones to drop the knife and used a Taser on him. Quinones started to run and an officer started shooting, the county attorney’s office said. Three other officers on scene fired at Quinones.
He was shot seven times, according to an autopsy. He was not under drug or alcohol influence during the incident, it found.
“We ended up homeless, carless and then I ended up jobless due to COVID and husband-less all in a matter of like three months,” said his wife, Ashley Quinones, who was at the scene.
Each year around 100 knife-wielding people are killed by police, who can fire upon such suspects if they come within 21 feet, said Rajiv Sethi, professor of economics at Barnard College in New York and co-author of “Shadows of Doubt: Stereotypes, Crime and the Pursuit of Justice.”
There’s “no scientific basis in that 21-foot rule, and officers tend not to be killed by a visible knife,” said Sethi, who is studying the use of deadly force by U.S. law enforcement.
The five officers involved in Quinones’ death were not charged.
Ashley Quinones questioned why Hennepin County Attorney Mike Freeman was removed from Floyd’s case but continued to handle her husband’s case and others like Kobe Dimock-Heisler’s.
Watching some of the Chauvin trial, she said, “really upset me because my husband wasn’t given the same opportunity.”
Quinones filed a wrongful death lawsuit seeking $50 million against the city and the officers involved last June.